Unit 4: Eating habits in Great Britain and the USA
What's British food really like?
Do they all drink tea all day?
And do Americans only eat hamburgers?
Let's look at some of the clichés and see if they are true.
The traditional "English breakfast" is very big.
You may find sausages, bacon and eggs, baked beans, fried bread
, tomatoes and mushrooms on your plate.
You can get this at hotels, but most people in Britain don't eat a fried breakfast every morning.
A normal English breakfast is cereal
with milk, followed by toast.
They put jam
on the toast – not cheese or meat!
Many people drink tea, but some people prefer coffee.
sausages: Würstchen; bacon and eggs: Spiegeleier mit Schinken; baked beans: gebackene Bohnen; fried bread: gebratenes Brot; cereal: alle Arten von Cornflakes; jam: Konfitüre; marmalade: bittere Konfitüre aus Orangen oder Zitronen
Do British people always have their afternoon tea at around 5 o'clock?
Well, this is still true in many homes.
Most British people put milk in their tea, so if you don't want milk, you must say so.
Typical sorts of tea are Earl Grey and Darjeeling, from India.
With the tea, you may get bread, biscuits or a piece of cake.
Tea time is a time to talk. If you are invited to a friend's house, the first thing they will offer you is "a nice cup of tea".
biscuits: Kekse; piece: Stück; cake: Kuchen; offer: anbieten
In Britain, it is common to "go for a takeaway".
There are two main kinds of takeaway food: Chinese, and fish and chips.
They give you ready-cooked food and you take it home to eat.
The fish you get at fish'n'chip shops is usually cod or plaice in batter.
You put salt and vinegar on the chips. You can order mushy peas on the side.
Today they don't always wrap the fish in old newspaper!
Takeaway: Essen zum Mitnehmen; fish and chips: frittierter Fisch mit Pommes Frites; ready-cooked: fertig, schon vorbereitet; cod: Kabeljau; plaice: Scholle; batter: Teig; vinegar: Essig; mushy peas: Erbsenmus; wrap: einwickeln; old newspaper: alte Zeitung
Americans and food
What is typical American food?
Popcorn, peanut butter
, hamburgers and fries
And most importantly, large portions
It is true that many people in the USA are overweight
because they eat too much fast food.
In fact, fast food companies even sponsor
The schools sell the food and show advertisements
for it in class, and the companies pay for school equipment
However, people in the USA are now becoming more health-conscious
They are starting to choose their food more carefully.
peanut butter: Erdnussbutter; jelly: Konfitüre; fries: Pommes; portion: Portion; overweight: übergewichtig; sponsor: fördern; advertisements: Werbespots; equipment: Ausrüstung; health-conscious: gesundheitsbewusst
Some Americans have a donut for breakfast. Others have a full meal.
Many Americans start the day with a bowl of cereal.
They drink orange juice and coffee or tea.
At restaurants, you can get pancakes with maple syrup, eggs or toast and coffee.
At a bagel shop, you can find many types of bagel, with fillings such as cream cheese or peanut butter and jelly.
The Americans invented "brunch". At brunch, there is lots of different food, for example:
blueberry muffins, croissants, hash browns, eggs – fried, boiled, or scrambled –, bacon, sausages, fruit salad, and maybe even pumpkin pie.
donut: weicher, süßer Teig mit Loch in der Mitte; a bowl: eine Schale; pancake: Pfannkuchen; maple syrup: Ahornsirup; bagel: runder weißer, fester Brotteig mit Loch in der Mitte; cream cheese: Frischkäse; blueberry: Heidelbeere; hash browns: gewürfelte Bratkartoffeln; scrambled egg: Rührei; pumpkin pie: Kürbiskuchen
A typical American restaurant is the steakhouse. The steaks are big!
Restaurants offer food from all over the world; the most popular are Mexican, Italian and Chinese.
"All you can eat" and buffet restaurants are also popular.
The waiters always introduce themselves: "Good evening, my name is …, and I’m your waiter tonight."
In lots of restaurants, you can order coffee and then drink as much coffee as you like.
Also, you always get ice water on your table. You don't have to order another drink if you don’t want to.
It is normal to book a table at a restaurant. This is because they are often booked up.
You may be given a peeper to tell you when your table is free.
And if you don't finish your meal, you can take the rest home in a "doggie bag".
as much … as: so viel … wie; booked up: ausgebucht; peeper: Piepser; doggie bag: Beutel für Essensreste
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